India Confirms Bird Flu Outbreak is H5N1 Strain
Author: Kamil Zaheer
Government workers plan to slaughter about 150,000 poultry in a 5-km (3-mile) radius around the affected farm in Manipur state, which lies on the border with Myanmar.
Health workers will check for signs of flu among thousands of people around the poultry farm in Chingmeirong village on the outskirts of Imphal, the state capital 1,700 km (1,050 miles) from New Delhi.
Officials have set up health checkpoints at busy bus stops and at Imphal airport to monitor passengers.
Protective gear for veterinary and health workers was being airlifted to the tiny state as were fogging machines for disinfecting poultry farms, state authorities said.
India has started investigating the source of the outbreak after more than 130 birds died.
"It has been confirmed as the H5N1 strain," said Vineet Chawdhry, Joint Secretary in the Ministry of Health.
India is the latest and 25th country to report an outbreak of the H5N1 strain this year. Since 2003, a total of 192 people have died out of 319 people infected by the virus worldwide, the World Health Organisation says.
India declared itself bird-flu free last August after two major outbreaks of the H5N1 virus in chickens in western India. It culled around a million birds to contain those outbreaks.
India has had no reported human case of bird flu.
The home ministry has asked border guards to step up watch on the frontiers of the isolated northeast region, connected to the rest of India by a sliver of land and surrounded by Myanmar, China and Bangladesh.
"It is a difficult border... but we have measures in place which have been further tightened," said Upma Chawdhry, Joint Secretary of the Animal Husbandry Department.
Imphal is closer to Bangkok and Dhaka than to New Delhi.
None of the people on the affected farm or veterinary workers dealing with the outbreak are showing flu symptoms, but they have been put on the anti-flu drug Tamiflu as a preventive step.
The confirmation of the H5N1 strain came after authorities received the results from two government laboratories.
NO TO CHICKENS
In Imphal, with a population of 200,000, many residents had stopped buying chickens and eggs, important items in the diet of the majority of people in the state.
"Naturally, people are panicky. We are doing our best to contain the outbreak," said Dr. P.J Sharma of the Manipur bird flu control centre.
Authorities have set up a special ward for any suspected human cases of bird flu in a government hospital in Imphal.
Neighbouring Bangladesh, Myanmar and Pakistan have also witnessed outbreaks of the H5N1 strain of bird flu this year in poultry.
New Delhi has banned poultry trade with bird flu-hit nations such as China, Bangladesh and Myanmar but officials are worried about people bringing poultry illegally across the frontiers.
India has close to 500 million chickens, of which around 40 percent is backyard poultry. The poultry industry lost millions of dollars during last years outbreaks as many consumers shunned chicken and eggs.
(Additional reporting to Biswajyoti Das in Guwahati)